March 18, 2016

3D printed fabric

According to Kara Miller, this looked like "a shirt crossed with a spiderweb crossed with an accordion." Credit: Marc Sollinger

When people imagine the future, they often picture flying cars and space colonies - a world that’s virtually unrecognizable. But what do you picture when you imagine the future of fashion?

Well, thanks to the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, you might not have to imagine anymore.

Your clothes might change color or shape in response to the environment. They might be made from plexiglass or plastic. Or they might come from a 3D printer instead of a workshop in Bangladesh.

The museum’s clothes-of-the-future range from sky-high plastic heels to a dress that displays live tweets. One bodysuit looked to us like: “A shirt crossed with a spiderweb crossed with an accordion.” But most of what we saw... wasn’t too different from today’s clothes.

The real difference may be how they’ll be made in 20 or 30 years.

“You could get your body scanned and feed your information to the computer,” says Pamela Parmal, curator of the exhibit. “You could design a dress, and it could be customized to your shape.”

Right now, clothes are designed to fit all kinds of bodies. And though it’s an admirable goal, most clothes don’t fit anyone perfectly.

In the future, that all-encompassing size 8 may be banished to the world of fashion faux pas, joining Juicy Couture tracksuits, corsets made of whale bones, and mercury-laced top hats.

3D-printed clothing also has to potential to have major economic ripples - and to disrupt the textile industry as we know it.

Instead of fashion houses sending a prototype to a factory in Italy or Bangladesh and then waiting months for a product, they can simply publish a design online. Fashionistas can then plug in their exact body measurements and print the clothing at home.

“It’s like the traditional French couture, where you had a garment made to your measurements. It’ll be kind of a revelation to be wearing something that fits you properly,” Parmal explains.

Plus, the labor implications could be enormous. Conditions in textile factories can be abhorrent, and by dismantling the fast-fashion industry, designers and brands might finally stop investing in unfair and dangerous labor practices. Although we're not sure what might happen to the workers once clothes are made at home.

Parmal doesn’t shy away from predicting what fashion might look like 25 years from now, and it looks pretty similar to what we wear today. “I’ll be wearing jeans and a t-shirt when I retire,” she predicts. But even though they might look the same, they’ll fit like a glove.

Created with flickr slideshow.

techstyle, Culture, Museum of Fine Arts

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